How the Technology in Oil Production Has Evolved Over the Years
There has been evolution in oil production technology today compared to how it was in the past as you will learn more here. Since oil is an essential commodity for the survival of man, a look into the changes in technology in production is a good idea. The ancient people in Mesopotamia used a hardened substance called bitumen to construct sailing vessels and put jewelry pieces together. The pharaohs in Egypt used the substance to make the pyramids stand tall. These minerals which oozed to the surface freely requiring no extraction equipment led to the discovery of oil.
From this site, you find out that oil was first extracted by digging. At the time, oil was used as medicine and the Chinese also lit their lamps as well as warm their houses using this product. Little information about oil existence was available at the time as you have seen in this site.
The next advancement in technology came in form of spring poles. This apparatus which was connected to a tree was made popular by the Ruffner brothers with the intention of reaching more salt deeper in the earth. Oil was still not the primary goal but the people believed it could serve several purposes. When steam was introduced to provide energy for the spring pole for the extraction of salt the process became enhanced. A Yale chemist Benjamin Silliman discovered more about how oil could be converted into kerosene that is used for lighting lamps. Following this information, people saw the importance of oil and processes to extract it began.
As you will find out in this website, the demand for oil was to rise in the near future. Following the demand; there was an increase in the number of oil fields that were discovered. However there were hard sediments that made drilling difficult hence the need for improved equipment. Consequently, a method called rotary drilling emerged whose head could move past the hard sediment with great ease. The success of the rig was witnessed in Beaumont Texas where the drill hit a field and a lot of oil started flowing towards the surface. With the world war 1 coming around, the demand for oil rose, leading to increased competition which resulted in greater development of oil tools. The most successful development for the rotary drill was the ability to dig deeper.
Today, the most common method of extracting oil is the rotary rig. Besides been in use, the equipment has had significant changes technologically to improve efficiency. Besides that, the rigs are more sophisticated. An instance, is the ability of a rig to move on its own as well to extract oil from a number of fields.